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Answering Common Questions About Periodontal Disease

December 9, 2016 ADManage

Has your periodontist, cosmetic dentist, or orthodontist diagnosed you with periodontal or gum disease near Park Ridge? If so, then continue reading to learn the answers to common questions about this condition.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, refers to an infection of the bones and tissues that support and surround the teeth. If allowed to progress, periodontal disease can lead to several other oral health problems, such as tooth decay or tooth loss.

What are the causes of periodontal disease?

The most common cause of gum disease is a lack of good oral hygiene. Regular flossing and brushing plus regular visits to the dentist for cleanings are typically enough to prevent this problem from occurring.

Is gingivitis the same as periodontal disease?

Gingivitis is the name used for the earliest stage of periodontal disease. Some common symptoms of gingivitis include tender, swollen gums that are dark pink in color and may bleed when the person flosses or brushes. Gingivitis can often be reversed through improved oral hygiene.

What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?

Once a person’s gum disease progresses from gingivitis to periodontal disease, several changes can occur. Common symptoms of this condition include chronic bad breath, loose teeth, gums that pull away from the teeth, a change in bite, or pus around the gums.

How do dentists treat periodontal disease?

For some individuals, an improvement in their oral hygiene routine is enough to reverse this condition. For others, their dentist may prescribe antibiotics and recommend that they see a periodontist for root planing and scaling treatment, a process that can help the gums heal.

How can I reduce my risk for periodontal disease?

In addition to keeping your teeth clean, there are several steps that you can take to help protect your mouth from gum disease. Quitting smoking and eating a healthy diet that is rich in vitamins and minerals will reduce your risk for this condition. Also, visiting your dentist twice per year can allow him to catch the early signs of periodontal disease and help you prevent the disease from progressing.